21/12/20200 CommentsSofía Benavides
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Did you know that for each type of cargo there is a specialized container? Here we are going to tell you about each of them and their most common uses in the logistics process.

Being trade is the main activity that drives the world’s economy, an important part of this process is carried out through the transport of goods, where containers play an indispensable role in shipping logistics.

Shipping containers are containers where goods are stored, in order to be later transported through different means, either by sea, land, river or air. With the development of world trade these containers had evolved according to the needs of importers and exporters, varying in size, material and specifications. However, these characteristics have been standardized to facilitate their transport.


Dry Van

These containers are widely used in the industry. Their structure is basic: metal, hermetically sealed and without any cooling system. The model is the most suitable for dry loads such as boxes, furniture, machines. Among its sizes we can find: 20', 40' and 40' High Cube.

High Cube

This type of container is characterized by a height of 9.6 feet, the only difference compared to the standard container. Dimensions increase 13% of its internal cubic capacity, which makes it ideal for the transport of light goods, but of great volume.

Tank Container

This type of container is used to transport liquids, whether they are oils, fuels or chemicals. Its dimensions are the same as the standard container, but its structure is made up of a polyethylene tank and a cistern.

These, according to recommendations, should not be filled less than 80% nor exceed 95% of its capacity, since the remaining space is left as a thermal extension to prevent any spillage during transport.

Reefer or Refrigerated Containers

Reefer containers have a conservation system that provides a temperature-controlled environment. They must be connected to a power source during the entire transport, which allows the cargo to maintain a constant temperature during the entire shipment.

 Its temperature ranges from -0.4° to 86°, which makes it highly recommended when transporting products or foods that require a low conservation temperature, including frozen foods, such as fish, meat, fruits or other perishable loads. It is also frequently used within the pharmaceutical industry for the transportation of medicines.

Their sizes can be 20', 40' or High Cube.

Open Top

Its sizes are the same as the ones mentioned before, however, it is different because it is open at the top, since it has a removable roof made of a waterproofed tarpaulin sheet; allowing the transport of bulky goods or goods that protrude from the unit, if it is required.  It also has lashing rings to secure the cargo and control movements during the trip.

The importance of knowing each shipping container lies in the need of protecting  goods in their transport; this guarantees that products wouldn’t suffer any kind of damage during their transport and arrive in optimal conditions to their destination.

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